What is the Meaning of Technology

What is the Meaning of Technology Management?


What is the meaning of technology? Management of technology (MOT), can be interpreted in various ways due to the diverse interpretations of the word “technology” itself. This editorial aims to present the multifaceted nature of technology management. The terms “management” and “technology” not only encompass various meanings but also add complexity due to anthropological diversity.

For many, MOT entails the management of engineering and technology. To some, “MOT” refers to managing knowledge and information, overseeing research and development, supervising manufacturing and operations, or coordinating the activities of engineers and scientists. This may be done without consideration for the overall business concepts and the commercialization process.

Gaynor (1996) emphasizes that these interconnected activities should be incorporated into a technology system. Managing MOT entails not only overseeing the entire system. But also coordinating its components, focusing on integrating them into a cohesive whole by recognizing their interdependence. Nevertheless, these explanations only represent a portion of the MOT process discussed in this editorial.
The 1987 workshop report of the National Research Council (NRC) of the USA stated that “Management of Technology” plays a crucial role in bridging the gap between science, engineering, and business management, providing a hidden competitive advantage. This field integrates engineering, science, and management disciplines to plan, develop, and implement technological capabilities, shaping and achieving an organization’s strategic and operational objectives.
The NRC report outlined important contributions that knowledge of management of technology can make to the industry. Technology management is the discipline that combines management principles with the application of technology to drive innovation, improve business processes, and achieve organizational goals. It involves planning, developing, implementing, and overseeing technology strategies that align with a company’s overall objectives.

Meaning of Technology, Strategic Planning.

Developing long-term technology roadmaps that align with the business strategy, including forecasting technology trends and determining the technological needs of the organization. Strategic planning technology refers to the tools and systems that organizations use to create, implement, and manage their strategic plans. These technologies enhance the ability to set goals, track progress, analyze data, and make informed decisions

Innovation Management, Meaning of Technology.

Encouraging and managing the innovation process within the organization. This involves identifying opportunities for technological advancements and fostering a culture of innovation.

Research and Development (R&D).

Research and Development (R&D) plays a crucial role in technology management by utilizing systematic and creative processes to enhance existing products and create new ones. R&D fosters innovation and competitive advantage by exploring new knowledge and applying it to generate value.

Its main objectives include improving product performance, increasing efficiency, reducing costs, and uncovering new market opportunities. This involves exploring fundamental principles and theories without immediate commercial applications. The goal is to gain a deeper understanding of underlying scientific or technological phenomena. Basic research often forms the basis for future applied research and development.

Information Systems Management.

Information Systems Management (ISM) technology includes the tools, processes, and methodologies for effectively managing an organization’s information systems. This technology is essential for ensuring that IT resources are aligned with business goals, secure, and optimally utilized.

Tools and frameworks that ensure IT activities are aligned with business objectives, regulatory requirements, and industry standards.Examples: COBIT (Control Objectives for Information and Related Technologies), ITIL (Information Technology Infrastructure Library).

Project Management.

Project management involves the process of planning, organizing, and overseeing the execution of a project to achieve specific goals within defined constraints such as time, budget, and resources. It requires the application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to project activities to meet project requirements.

Sustainability and Risk Management, Meaning of Technology.

Sustainability management involves integrating sustainable practices into business operations and decision-making processes to ensure that an organization can thrive over the long term while minimizing its environmental impact and contributing positively to society. This includes economic, environmental, and social dimensions.

Risk management involves identifying, assessing, and controlling threats to an organization’s capital and earnings. These risks may arise from financial uncertainties, legal liabilities, strategic management errors, accidents, and natural disasters.

Combining sustainability and risk management creates a holistic approach to organizational resilience and long-term success. Sustainable practices can mitigate risks and improve an organization’s adaptability to changes in the market and regulatory environment.


Professionals in technology management require a combination of technical expertise and business acumen. They need to keep up with technological advancements, understand their impact on the business, and have the ability to effectively lead teams and projects.

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